Burnham Military Camp
|Burnham, New Zealand|
|Area||1.49 km2 (0.58 sq mi)|
|Owner||New Zealand Defence Force|
|Controlled by||New Zealand Army|
|Garrison||New Zealand Army|
Burnham, also known as Burnham Camp, is the largest army base in New Zealand's South Island. It is located 28 kilometres south of Christchurch on the Canterbury Plains in the Selwyn District, close to the town of Dunsandel. Burnham was named after Burnham Beeches, Buckinghamshire.
The senior headquarters at the camp has seen many changes. Previously Headquarters 3 Task Force, 3 Task Force Region, HQ Ready Reaction Force, and 3 Land Force Group have been based here. Most recently 3 Land Force Group was disbanded in 2011, and Headquarters Deployable Joint Task Force Headquarters - Land (DJTFHQ-L) was formed.
Burnham Camp is described by Statistics New Zealand as a rural settlement, and covers 1.49 km2 (0.58 sq mi). It had an estimated population of 1,360 as of June 2021, with a population density of 913 people per km2.
Burnham Camp had a population of 1,146 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 57 people (5.2%) since the 2013 census, and a decrease of 60 people (-5.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 249 households. There were 750 males and 393 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.91 males per female. The median age was 24.0 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 201 people (17.5%) aged under 15 years, 681 (59.4%) aged 15 to 29, 255 (22.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 6 (0.5%) aged 65 or older.
Ethnicities were 75.7% European/Pākehā, 25.7% Māori, 9.9% Pacific peoples, 4.7% Asian, and 7.6% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).
The proportion of people born overseas was 11.5%, compared with 27.1% nationally.
Although some people objected to giving their religion, 65.4% had no religion, 23.6% were Christian, 0.5% were Hindu, 0.3% were Muslim and 5.0% had other religions.
Of those at least 15 years old, 120 (12.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 48 (5.1%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $47,900, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 750 (79.4%) people were employed full-time, 81 (8.6%) were part-time, and 21 (2.2%) were unemployed.
Units at the camp
1st (New Zealand) Brigade
- 2/1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
- Alpha Company
- Bravo Company
- Charlie Company
- Delta Company
- Support Company
- Depot Company
- Combat Service Support Company
Combat Support Units
- 2nd Engineer Regiment,
- 3rd Field Squadron
- 3 Emergency Response Troop
- 1st New Zealand Signal Regiment,
- 3rd Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
- 4th Signal Squadron
- 25 Cypher Section
Combat Service Support Units
- 3rd Combat Service Support Battalion (Burnham Military Camp)
- 3rd Transport Company
- 3rd Catering & Supply Company
- 3rd Workshop Company
Joint Support Group
Deployable Health Organisation
- Southern Health Support Squadron
- Logistics Support Squadron
Force Health Organisation
- Defence Health Centre
- Burnham Gymnasium
New Zealand Defence College
- Defence Health School (NZ)
- Defence Learning Centre
Headquarters Training and Doctrine Command
- Army Adventure Training Centre
- 3 Regional Training wing
Lockheed Martin New Zealand
Lockheed Martin New Zealand provides logistics services for the NZDF including Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul, Managed Fleet Utilisation and warehousing.
- Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul team
- Managed Fleet Utilisation team
- New Zealand Army Band
- Youth Development Unit (YDU)
- Services Correctional Establishment (SCE)
- Joint Military Police Unit
- Joint Logistic Support Agency service center
- Human Resources service center
Medical training for the entire NZDF is conducted in Burnham at the New Zealand Defence Force Health School and all medics enlisted in the Army, Navy or Air Force are sent here for training. Practical training and clinical placements are completed throughout the two and a half year program. Medics are then posted to their respective camps or bases.
The barracks in Burnham Camp are named after a miscellany of battles, campaigns, locations and overseas barracks in which New Zealand troops have been stationed.
Borneo Barracks Commemorates what is now known as the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation of 1963–1966), the 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment and the New Zealand Special Air Service both saw service in this conflict.
Named after the Battle of Cambrai of Nov -Dec 1917 which saw the first mass use of tanks in battle.
Chunuk Bair Barracks
Gallipoli Barracks are named after the New Zealand's Army's first major campaign of the First World War.
Nee Soon Barracks
Nui Dat Barracks
- One to two rifle companies (W and V Company, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment);
- One artillery battery (161st Battery, Royal New Zealand Artillery); and
- One New Zealand SAS troop.
Quinns Post Barracks
Sari Bair Barracks
Terendak Barracks are named after the purpose built brigade camp in Malaysia that was occupied by the New Zealand Army form 1960 to 1969
Tui Barracks were named after the New Zealand Women's War Service Auxiliary. Raised by Lady Freyberg to support New Zealand troops in Egypt, the ladies of the Women's War Service Auxiliary were unofficially called the Tuis.
- Linton Military Camp
- Hopuhopu Camp
- Papakura Military Camp
- Trentham Military Camp
- Waiouru Military Camp
- Reed, A. W. (2002). The Reed Dictionary of New Zealand Place Names. Auckland: Reed Books. ISBN 0-7900-0761-4.
- "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
- "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
- "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Burnham Camp (334700). 2018 Census place summary: Burnham Camp
- Education Counts: Burnham School - Te Kura o Tiori
- "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
- "Education Boards". The Press. 5 June 1891.
- Maxwell, Gabrielle (1 August 2017). "Youth offenders - Treatment of young offenders, 1840 to 1980s - Burnham Industrial School, about 1874". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
- "Industrial School — The Burnham Industrial School". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Vol. Canterbury Provincial District. 1903.
- "Supreme Court". Taranaki Daily News. 17 November 1909.