List of U.S. cities with large Black populations

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Proportion of Black Americans in each county of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States Census

This list of U.S. cities by Black population covers all incorporated cities and Census-designated places with a population over 100,000 and a proportion of Black residents over 30% in the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the territory of Puerto Rico and the population in each city that is Black or African American.

The data source for the list is the 2020 United States Census.[1]

At the time of the 2020 Census, there were 47.5 million Americans who were Black (either alone or in combination), making up 14.2% of the U.S. population. Texas has the largest Black population with over 3.9 million. State by state, the highest number of Black Americans could be found in Texas (3.96 million), Florida (3.70 million), Georgia (3.54 million), New York (3.53 million), and California (2.83 million). Meanwhile, the highest proportions of African Americans were in the District of Columbia (44.17%), Mississippi (37.94%), Louisiana (33.13%), Georgia (33.03%), and Maryland (32.01%).

Throughout the country, there are 342 cities with a population over 100,000. 19 of them had Black (alone or in combination) majorities, and in 46 more cities, between 30% and 50% of the population identified as Black. Out of the 19 majority-Black cities, four were in Georgia and Louisiana and Alabama had three each. Meanwhile, the states of Florida, Texas, Ohio, Michigan, New Jersey, Virginia, Tennessee, Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi each had one majority-Black city. [2]

In 2020, the largest cities which had a Black majority were Detroit, Michigan (population 639K), Memphis, Tennessee (population 633K), Baltimore, Maryland (population 534K), New Orleans, Louisiana (population 384K), and Cleveland, Ohio (population 373K).

List[edit]

The list below displays each city (or city-equivalent) in the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico with a population over 100,000 and a Black proportion over 30% as of the 2020 Census. It includes the city's total population, the number of Black people in the city, and the percentage of people in the city who are Black as of the 2020 Census. The table is initially sorted by the Black proportion of each city but is sortable by any of its columns, as can be found by clicking the table headers.

Cities where people who are Black alone are not at least 30% of the population, while people who are either Black alone, or, in combination with another race, do form at least 30% of the population, are italicized.

City State Black % Black alone % Population Black
population
Black alone
population
 
South Fulton  Georgia 93.26% 90.53% 107,436 100,190 97,259
Jackson  Mississippi 80.45% 78.86% 153,701 123,656 121,215
Detroit  Michigan 80.38% 77.69% 639,111 513,697 496,534
Gary  Indiana 78.47% 73,886 55,369
Birmingham  Alabama 69.82% 68.40% 200,733 140,156 137,296
Miami Gardens  Florida 66.97% 63.50% 111,640 74,761 70,886
Memphis  Tennessee 63.34% 61.57% 633,104 401,033 389,779
Montgomery  Alabama 61.91% 60.29% 200,603 124,187 120,950
Baltimore  Maryland 60.42% 57.79% 585,708 353,890 338,478
Augusta  Georgia 58.61% 55.81% 202,081 118,441 112,773
Wilmington  Delaware 58.26% 69,293 41,157
Shreveport  Louisiana 57.82% 56.02% 187,593 108,474 105,088
New Orleans  Louisiana 57.02% 54.24% 383,997 218,969 208,273
Macon  Georgia 56.48% 54.58% 157,346 88,865 85,885
Baton Rouge  Louisiana 55.43% 53.84% 227,470 126,097 122,461
Hampton  Virginia 53.65% 49.52% 137,148 73,579 67,915
Newark  New Jersey 53.22% 49.45% 311,549 165,802 154,048
Mobile  Alabama 53.04% 51.35% 187,041 99,198 96,039
Cleveland  Ohio 51.59% 48.37% 372,624 192,239 180,224
Brockton  Massachusetts 51.42% 34.98% 105,643 54,320 36,951
Savannah  Georgia 51.41% 49.14% 147,780 75,979 72,618
Atlanta  Georgia 49.51% 47.22% 498,715 246,906 235,513
Columbus  Georgia 49.40% 46.47% 206,922 102,212 96,163
Beaumont  Texas 49.15% 47.32% 115,282 56,666 54,549
Fayetteville  North Carolina 47.58% 42.99% 208,501 99,208 89,645
Miramar  Florida 46.43% 42.39% 134,721 62,553 57,109
Newport News  Virginia 46.35% 42.25% 186,247 86,330 78,687
St. Louis  Missouri 45.45% 43.04% 301,578 137,059 129,814
Greensboro  North Carolina 44.83% 41.99% 299,035 134,071 125,574
Rochester  New York 44.55% 40.10% 211,328 94,142 84,752
Washington  District of Columbia 44.17% 41.45% 689,545 304,539 285,810
Dayton  Ohio 43.90% 40.67% 137,644 60,432 55,981
Norfolk  Virginia 43.55% 40.16% 238,005 103,657 95,594
Killeen  Texas 43.47% 37.27% 153,095 66,556 57,055
Cincinnati  Ohio 43.35% 40.55% 309,317 134,092 125,443
North Charleston  South Carolina 42.99% 40.64% 114,852 49,371 46,673
Richmond  Virginia 42.91% 40.45% 226,610 97,240 91,653
Little Rock  Arkansas 42.35% 40.64% 202,591 85,790 82,340
Hartford  Connecticut 42.32% 38.19% 121,054 51,236 46,231
Inglewood  California 42.24% 38.70% 107,762 45,523 41,708
Philadelphia  Pennsylvania 42.01% 39.31% 1,603,797 673,785 630,462
Milwaukee  Wisconsin 41.50% 38.59% 577,222 239,542 222,746
Columbia  South Carolina 40.36% 38.50% 136,632 55,140 52,598
Buffalo  New York 40.16% 36.87% 278,349 111,796 102,636
Bridgeport  Connecticut 38.59% 35.07% 148,654 57,372 52,138
Durham  North Carolina 38.59% 36.24% 283,506 109,411 102,742
Tallahassee  Florida 37.22% 35.02% 196,169 73,007 68,691
New Haven  Connecticut 35.82% 32.20% 134,023 48,001 43,160
Charlotte  North Carolina 35.39% 33.05% 874,579 309,487 289,062
Syracuse  New York 35.37% 30.67% 148,620 52,573 45,588
Winston-Salem  North Carolina 34.98% 32.52% 249,545 87,286 81,148
Akron  Ohio 34.94% 31.41% 190,469 66,555 59,821
High Point  North Carolina 34.35% 32.10% 114,059 39,183 36,610
West Palm Beach  Florida 34.13% 31.65% 117,415 40,075 37,160
Jacksonville  Florida 33.20% 30.57% 949,611 315,281 290,279
Toledo  Ohio 32.67% 28.76% 270,871 88,503 77,897
Lafayette  Louisiana 32.42% 30.70% 121,374 39,354 37,259
Columbus  Ohio 31.77% 28.65% 905,748 287,735 259,483
Chesapeake  Virginia 31.68% 28.97% 249,422 79,013 72,268
Huntsville  Alabama 31.45% 29.34% 215,006 67,626 63,085
Columbia  Maryland 31.25% 27.65% 104,681 32,718 28,941
Peoria  Illinois 31.13% 27.86% 113,150 35,228 31,527
Chattanooga  Tennessee 30.89% 29.09% 181,099 55,950 52,690
Chicago  Illinois 30.79% 29.17% 2,746,388 845,638 801,195
Roanoke  Virginia 30.76% 27.47% 100,011 30,764 27,470
Pompano  Florida 30.71% 28.55% 112,046 34,410 31,994
Indianapolis  Indiana 30.55% 27.95% 887,642 271,214 248,067

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 Census". 2020 Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Dulaney, W. Marvin (July 25, 2016) [June 9, 2010]. "African Americans". Handbook of Texas (online ed.). Texas State Historical Association.