World Rowing Championships

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World Rowing Championships
Statusactive
GenreRowing World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated1962 (1962)
Most recent2019
Next event2020
Organised byFISA
Websitewww.worldrowing.com

The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.

History[edit]

The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962.[1][2] The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships. In 1985 Women's lightweight events were added to the schedule.

Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.

In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3.[3]

Boats[edit]

Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.

The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.

As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four.[4]

At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-.[5]

Boat Men Lwt Men Women Lwt Women
1x Single sculls O WC O WC
2x Double sculls O O O O
2- Coxless pairs O WC O WC
2+ Coxed pairs
4x Quad sculls O WC O WC
4- Coxless fours O O
4+ Coxed fours
8+ Eights O O

Editions[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1962 Lucerne   Switzerland 7
2 1966 Bled  Yugoslavia 7
3 1970 St. Catharines  Canada 7
4 1974 Lucerne   Switzerland 17
5 1975 Nottingham  Great Britain 17
6 1976 Villach  Austria 3
7 1977 Amsterdam  Netherlands 17
8 1978 Copenhagen  Denmark 4
8 1978 Cambridge  New Zealand 14
9 1979 Bled  Yugoslavia 18
10 1980 Hazewinkel  Belgium 4
11 1981 Munich  West Germany 18
12 1982 Lucerne   Switzerland 18
13 1983 Duisburg  West Germany 18
14 1984 Montreal  Canada 8
15 1985 Hazewinkel  Belgium 21
16 1986 Nottingham  Great Britain 21
17 1987 Copenhagen  Denmark 21
18 1988 Milan  Italy 7
19 1989 Bled  Yugoslavia 22
20 1990 Tasmania  Australia 22
21 1991 Vienna  Austria 22
22 1992 Montreal  Canada 8
23 1993 Račice  Czech Republic 23
24 1994 Indianapolis  United States 23
25 1995 Tampere  Finland 24
26 1996 Motherwell  Great Britain 10
27 1997 Aiguebelette  France 24
28 1998 Cologne  Germany 24
29 1999 St. Catharines  Canada 24
30 2000 Zagreb  Croatia 10
Edition Year Host City Country Events
31 2001 Lucerne   Switzerland 24
32 2002 Seville  Spain 24+2
33 2003 Milan  Italy 24+4
34 2004 Banyoles  Spain 9+3
35 2005 Kaizu  Japan 23+3
36 2006 Dorney  Great Britain 23+4
37 2007 Munich  Germany 23+4
38 2008 Ottensheim  Austria 8
39 2009 Poznań  Poland 22+5
40 2010 Cambridge  New Zealand 22+5
41 2011 Bled  Slovenia 22+5
42 2012 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 7
43 2013 Chungju  South Korea 22+5
44 2014 Amsterdam  Netherlands 22+5
45 2015 Aiguebelette  France 22+4
46 2016 Rotterdam  Netherlands 7+1
47 2017 Sarasota  United States 21+5
48 2018 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 20+9
49 2019 Ottensheim  Austria 20+9
50 2020 Bled  Slovenia
51 2021 Shanghai  China
52 2022 Račice  Czech Republic

Multiple editions[edit]

Times hosted Host country
4 Switzerland Switzerland, Canada Canada, United Kingdom Great Britain, Germany Germany
3 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Austria Austria, Netherlands Netherlands
2 New Zealand New Zealand, Belgium Belgium, Italy Italy, Spain Spain, France France, Bulgaria Bulgaria, United States United States
1 South Korea South Korea, Denmark Denmark, Australia Australia, Czech Republic Czech Republic, Finland Finland, Croatia Croatia, Japan Japan, Poland Poland, Slovenia Slovenia

All-time medal table[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 East Germany944525164
2 Italy856752204
3 Germany827270224
4 Great Britain667259197
5 United States657388226
6 New Zealand503126107
7 Australia474441132
8 Soviet Union354429108
9 Romania344344121
10 Denmark34273394
11 France304426100
12 Canada283444106
13 West Germany24232572
14 Netherlands184043101
15 China1692247
16  Switzerland15151545
17 Norway1471233
18 Poland12211548
19 Ireland128727
20 Belarus1161027
21 Bulgaria9121435
22 Austria861024
23 Czech Republic7151133
24 Greece7101027
25 Croatia75517
26 Spain671629
27 Slovenia45514
28 Hungary44614
29 Ukraine36514
30 Finland34411
31 Lithuania3227
32 Belgium27817
33 Sweden24612
34 South Africa2248
35 Russia18918
36 Chile1315
37 Japan1214
38 Argentina1157
39 Serbia and Montenegro1113
40 Brazil1023
41 Czechoslovakia0111122
42 Cuba0213
43 Estonia0167
44 Serbia0156
45 Yugoslavia0145
46 Slovakia0123
47 Turkey0022
48 Portugal0011
 Zimbabwe0011
Totals (49 nations)8458468442535

Multiple medallists[edit]

Athlete Nation Born Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Tot.
Daniele Gilardoni  Italy 1976 11 1 1 13
Matthew Pinsent  Great Britain 1970 10 0 2 12
Steve Redgrave  Great Britain 1962 9 2 1 12
Franco Sancassani  Italy 1974 9 2 1 12
Francesco Esposito  Italy 1955 9 1 1 11
Giuseppe Di Capua  Italy 1958 8 3 1 12
Andrea Re  Italy 1963 8 1 2 11

Scull and Sweep medalists[edit]

incomplete list

  Scull and Sweep World Champions
Rower Total Scull Sweep Disciplines
# of
disciplines
Med 1.pngMed 2.pngMed 3.png # of
disciplines
Med 1.pngMed 2.pngMed 3.png # of
disciplines
Med 1.pngMed 2.pngMed 3.png Scull Sweep
Netherlands Michiel Bartman 3 4 1 1 2 3 M4x M4+, M8+
Netherlands Karolien Florijn 2 2 1 1 1 1 W4x W4-
Netherlands Ronald Florijn 3 4 1 1 1 2 M2x M4-, M8+
Italy Daniele Gilardoni 2 13 1 12 1 1 LM4x LM8+
Switzerland Mario Gyr 2 2 1 1 1 1 LM2x LM4-
United Kingdom Katherine Grainger 5 8 3 6 2 2 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Canada Kathleen Heddle 4 5 2 3 2 2 W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Romania Elisabeta Lipă 5 13 3 9 2 4 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Canada Marnie McBean 5 7 2 3 3 4 W2x, W4x W2-, W4-, W8+
Netherlands Nico Rienks 2 4 1 2 1 2 M2x M8+
Italy Franco Sancassani 3 12 1 10 2 2 LM4x LM2-, LM8+
Switzerland Simon Schürch 2 2 1 1 1 1 LM2x LM4-
United Kingdom Greg Searle 4 7 1 1 3 6 M1x M2+, M4-, M8+
Netherlands Diederik Simon 2 2 1 1 1 1 M4x M8+
Croatia Martin Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
Croatia Valent Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
Netherlands Olivia van Rooijen 2 3 1 3 1 1 W4x W8-
Netherlands Henk-Jan Zwolle 2 3 1 1 1 2 M2x M8+

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
  2. ^ Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine, 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
  3. ^ "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. ^ Medal table

External links[edit]