Crook County, Wyoming

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Crook County
Crook County Courthouse
Crook County Courthouse
Flag of Crook County
Map of Wyoming highlighting Crook County
Location within the U.S. state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming
Wyoming's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°35′N 104°34′W / 44.59°N 104.56°W / 44.59; -104.56
Country United States
State Wyoming
FoundedDecember 8, 1875 (authorized)
1888 (organized)
Named forGeorge Crook
SeatSundance
Largest townSundance
Area
 • Total2,865 sq mi (7,420 km2)
 • Land2,854 sq mi (7,390 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,181
 • Estimate 
(2019)
7,584
 • Density2.5/sq mi (0.97/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.crookcounty.wy.gov
Buffalo on the range in Crook County

Crook County is a county in the northeastern section of the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 7,181,[1] making it the third-least populous county in Wyoming. Its county seat is Sundance.[2]

History[edit]

Crook County was created by the legislature of the Wyoming Territory on December 8, 1875, from portions of Albany and Laramie Counties. It was organized in 1888.[3]

Crook County was named for Brigadier General George Crook, an army commander during the Indian Wars.[4] In 1890, Crook County lost territory when Weston County was created. Campbell County was formed with land ceded by Crook County in 1911.

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,865 square miles (7,420 km2), of which 2,854 square miles (7,390 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5] The lowest point in the state of Wyoming is located on the Belle Fourche River in Crook County, where it flows out of Wyoming and into South Dakota.

Devils Tower National Monument is located in the Bear Lodge Mountains in Crook County.

The Missouri Buttes, at the northwestern end of the Black Hills, are located in the county, 3.5 miles northwest of Devils Tower.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880239
18902,338878.2%
19003,13734.2%
19106,492106.9%
19205,524−14.9%
19305,333−3.5%
19405,4632.4%
19504,738−13.3%
19604,691−1.0%
19704,535−3.3%
19805,30817.0%
19905,294−0.3%
20005,88711.2%
20107,08320.3%
20207,1811.4%
US Decennial Census[6]
1870–2000[7] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[8] of 2000, there were 5,887 people, 2,308 households, and 1,645 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 2,935 housing units at an average density of 1.0 per square mile (0.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.86% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.1% were of German, 14.6% English, 7.8% Irish and 6.8% American ancestry.

There were 2,308 households, out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

The county population contained 26.90% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,601, and the median income for a family was $43,105. Males had a median income of $34,483 versus $18,967 for females, indicating a relatively high level of income inequality based on gender. The per capita income for the county was $17,379. About 7.8% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,083 people, 2,921 households, and 2,016 families in the county.[9] The population density was 2.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.97/km2). There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile (0.50/km2).[10] The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population.[9] In terms of ancestry, 38.8% were German, 16.5% were English, 14.5% were Irish, 9.5% were Swedish, and 3.8% were American.[11]

Of the 2,921 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, and 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 43.6 years.[9]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,890 and the median income for a family was $55,765. Males had a median income of $47,821 versus $32,217 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,520. About 6.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Politics[edit]

Crook County is one of the most overwhelmingly Republican counties in the nation, both in state and federal elections. The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932,[13] and indeed Roosevelt in the following election – when he lost to Alf Landon by five percentage points – constitutes the last Democrat to pass forty percent. In the last ten Presidential elections the Democratic candidate has consistently received less than 23.5% of the county's vote.[14] In the 2016 Presidential election, Crook County was the most Republican county in the most Republican state.

United States presidential election results for Crook County, Wyoming[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,651 88.64% 378 9.18% 90 2.18%
2016 3,348 87.51% 273 7.14% 205 5.36%
2012 3,109 84.37% 426 11.56% 150 4.07%
2008 2,967 80.56% 612 16.62% 104 2.82%
2004 2,836 83.51% 501 14.75% 59 1.74%
2000 2,289 83.60% 361 13.18% 88 3.21%
1996 1,698 60.93% 651 23.36% 438 15.72%
1992 1,377 51.32% 568 21.17% 738 27.51%
1988 1,939 76.34% 553 21.77% 48 1.89%
1984 2,286 83.01% 450 16.34% 18 0.65%
1980 1,909 79.01% 413 17.09% 94 3.89%
1976 1,438 67.23% 653 30.53% 48 2.24%
1972 1,760 83.41% 339 16.07% 11 0.52%
1968 1,240 71.55% 318 18.35% 175 10.10%
1964 1,214 60.88% 780 39.12% 0 0.00%
1960 1,537 72.84% 573 27.16% 0 0.00%
1956 1,139 72.78% 426 27.22% 0 0.00%
1952 1,734 79.80% 423 19.47% 16 0.74%
1948 1,166 61.63% 712 37.63% 14 0.74%
1944 1,244 64.32% 690 35.68% 0 0.00%
1940 1,359 60.86% 869 38.92% 5 0.22%
1936 1,218 51.83% 1,088 46.30% 44 1.87%
1932 1,062 44.01% 1,317 54.58% 34 1.41%
1928 1,466 71.41% 582 28.35% 5 0.24%
1924 978 54.48% 468 26.07% 349 19.44%
1920 934 67.24% 451 32.47% 4 0.29%
1916 846 40.54% 1,181 56.59% 60 2.87%
1912 505 26.98% 726 38.78% 641 34.24%
1908 1,068 54.46% 799 40.74% 94 4.79%
1904 984 64.27% 475 31.03% 72 4.70%
1900 692 56.58% 531 43.42% 0 0.00%
1896 524 47.68% 569 51.77% 6 0.55%
1892 399 42.72% 0 0.00% 535 57.28%


In the Wyoming Senate the county is represented by Republican Ogden Driskill since 2011.[16] In the Wyoming House of Representatives it has been represented by Republican Chip Neiman since 2021.[17]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 1, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Long, John H., ed. (2004). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  4. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co. ISBN 0-87842-204-8.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of Administration & Information, Division of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  10. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  11. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "Presidential election of 1932 - Map by counties". geoelections.free.fr. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  14. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Wyoming)
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  16. ^ "State of Wyoming Legislature|Ogden Driskill". legisweb.state.wy.us. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  17. ^ Neiman, Chip (January 12, 2021). "House District 01: Representative Chip Neiman". wyoleg.gov. Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  18. ^ Colony WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  19. ^ Devils Tower WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  20. ^ Farrall WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  21. ^ Moskee WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  22. ^ New Haven WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  23. ^ Oshoto WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  24. ^ Sand Creek Crossing WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  25. ^ Stroner wY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)

External links[edit]

Media related to Crook County, Wyoming at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 44°35′N 104°34′W / 44.59°N 104.56°W / 44.59; -104.56