Banteay Samré

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Banteay Samré
Banteay Samre, Cambodia (2212223080).jpg
The central tower of the temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
ProvinceSiem Reap
Location
LocationAngkor
CountryCambodia
Banteay Samré is located in Cambodia
Banteay Samré
Location in Cambodia
Geographic coordinates13°26′32″N 103°57′33″E / 13.44222°N 103.95917°E / 13.44222; 103.95917Coordinates: 13°26′32″N 103°57′33″E / 13.44222°N 103.95917°E / 13.44222; 103.95917
Architecture
TypeKhmer (Angkor Wat style)
CreatorSuryavarman II, continued by Yasovarman II
CompletedFirst half of the 12th century

Banteay Samré (Khmer: ប្រាសាទបន្ទាយសំរែ, "The Citadel of the Samré") is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, located 400 metres to the east of the East Baray.[1] Built during the reign of Suryavarman II[2]:119 and Yasovarman II in the early 12th century, it is a Hindu temple in the Angkor Wat style.

Named after the Samré, an ancient people of Indochina, the temple uses the same materials as the Banteay Srei.

Banteay Samré was excellently restored by Maurice Glaize from 1936 until 1944.[3] The design of its single ogival tower is immediately recognizable as Angkor Wat style along with other temples in the region such as Thommanon and Chau Say Tevoda. Due to this temple's similarity to some monuments of north-east Thailand, it has the appearance of a compact Phimai. While there are no inscriptions describing its foundation, it seems likely to have been built by a high official of the court during the reign of King Suryavarman II.

Plan[edit]

It has a single tower over the shrine and this is connected by an antarala to a mandapa. All of this is flanked by two libraries, and two concentric gallery enclosures surround the ensemble. Banteay Samré is approached by a 200 metre long raised causeway from the east. This suggests that the temple enclosed a reasonable sized town. An avenue of 350 metres leads from the East Baray, ending in another cruciform terrace at the west side of the temple. The outer enclosure wall is 6 metres high and the inner enclosure has gopuras at the cardinal points.[4]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jessup & Brukoff. Page 152.
  2. ^ Higham
  3. ^ Jessup & Brukoff. Page 152.
  4. ^ Ancient Angkor guide book by Michael Freeman and Claude Jacques, p. 164-165, published in 2003.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jessup, Helen Ibbitson; Brukoff, Barry (2011). Temples of Cambodia - The Heart of Angkor (Hardback). Bangkok: River Books. ISBN 978-616-7339-10-8.
  • Higham, Charles (2003). The Civilization of Angkor (Paperback). London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-1842125847.