Uzh

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Uzh
Uzh river ukraine.jpg
The Uzh near Uzhhorod
Location
CountryUkraine, Slovakia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationUzhok pass, Ukraine
Mouth 
 • location
Laborec
 • coordinates
48°35′54″N 21°59′26″E / 48.5983°N 21.9906°E / 48.5983; 21.9906Coordinates: 48°35′54″N 21°59′26″E / 48.5983°N 21.9906°E / 48.5983; 21.9906
Length127 km (79 mi)
Basin size2,750 km2 (1,060 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionLaborecLatoricaBodrogTiszaDanubeBlack Sea

The Uzh (Ukrainian: Уж; translit. Uzh; Slovak: Uh; Hungarian: Ung, Polish: ) is a river in Ukraine and Slovakia. Its name comes from the ancient west Slavic dialect word , meaning "Snake", (lat. "Serpentes").

The Uzh is a tributary of the Laborets River, a river that flows in the Tysa Lowland in Transcarpathia oblast of western Ukraine. The river feeds numerous industries and is a source of drinking water and irrigation as well. It also has a hydropower station on it. Several important cities lie along its course, including Uzhhorod.[1]

It is 127 km (79 mi) long, of which 21.3 km (13.2 mi) are in Slovakia. It flows into the Laborec river near the city of Drahňov in the Michalovce District (okres).

The Ukrainian city of Uzhhorod and the semi-ruined Nevitske Castle are situated by the Uzh. The river forms part of the Slovakia–Ukraine border for about 1.5 km (0.93 mi) near the village of Pinkovce.

Regions[edit]

The Uzh is located in the Zakarpattia region in Ukraine and in the districts of Michalovce and Sobrance in eastern Slovakia.

The Uzh, near Nevitske, in a frozen state.
Bridge on Uzh river, Uzhhorod, Ukraine.
A small hydro power plant on the Uzh River near Nevitske.

Geography[edit]

The largest tributaries are, Right: Ug [uk; ru], Strychavka, Ulychka, Ubľa, Kamyanitsa, Dvernitsky, Domaarach, Volshava, Syry Potyk, Hachnyk. Left: Unnamed, Velikiy [uk], Luta [uk], Tur'ya, Simoni [uk].

The meander is winding, moderately branched. There are low waterfalls, many islands.

Etymology[edit]

Etymologists disagree about the origin of the name of the river. Some would derive it from the Slavic name of the grass snake (Ukrainian and Belarusian вуж, Russian уж, from Old East Slavic ꙋжь, Proto-Slavic ǫžь), which is abundant in the valley of the river. However, the expected cognate form in Slovak would be *Už (compare Slovak užovka "adder") while the actual Slovak form of the name is Uh. Another possibility is that the name derives from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning "angle" or "corner" (the etymological source of Ukrainian вугол, Slovak uhol).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uzh River". Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Retrieved 11 September 2013.